Individual Notes

Note for:   Charles Calvert - 3rd Baron Baltimore,   27 Aug 1637 - 21 Feb 1715         Index

Burial:   
     Date:   24 Feb 1715
     Place:   St Pancras, London

Birth Note: Source:    Submission number 570414-100699133432

Death Note: Source:    Submission number 570414-100699133432

Individual Note:
     Charles Calvert, 3rd Lord Baltimore, was the second Governor of the Province of Maryland, inheriting the colony upon the death of his father in 1675. He had been his father's Deputy Governor since 1661 when he arrived in the colony at the age of 24. The Calverts were Roman Catholic and had founded Maryland as a Catholic colony. However, the population of the province had become overwhelmingly Protestant by the time Charles became Governor. He attempted to preserve Maryland's Catholic identity by repressing the rights of the Protestant majority and restricting the suffrage. He also made partisan patronage appointments and ruled the province using arbitrary measures. Slavery was also made legal during his governorship and slaves were forced to serve for life rather than be freed at a certain age. In 1684 Charles was summoned back to England to answer charges that he favoured Catholics in the colony, and to defend himself in a dispute with William Penn about the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania. He was still in England in 1688 when the Protestant monarchs William and Mary took the throne from the Catholic James II in the Glorious Revolution. Charles Calvert never returned to America; his charter to the colony was withdrawn in 1689, and the colony was transferred directly to the British monarchy. Like all the Calverts except the 1st Lord, Charles never made Kiplin his permanent home, though he owned it from 1675 until his death in 1715. In 1692 he inherited Woodcote Park, near Epsom in Surrey, and this became the main home of the Baltimores until the 6th Baron, Frederick, died without legitimate issue in 1771. The house had formerly been owned by the 1st Lord's brother-in-law, George Mynne, and it was his grand-daughter Elizabeth Evelyn who left the property to Charles.



Individual Notes

Note for:   Jane Lowe,   BEF 1652 - ABT 19 Jan 1701         Index

Individual Note:
     Kiplin Hall Guidebook, 2005, p40, describes this lady as "Jane (Lows) Irwell".

PRF has her born Jane Lowe and married first to a Henry Sewell. It seems that Irwell and Sewell may be the same surname but one of them has been misread.



Individual Notes

Note for:   Cecil Calvert - 2nd Baron Baltimore,   8 Aug 1605 - 30 Nov 1675         Index

Christening:   
     Date:   2 Mar 1606
     Place:   Bexley Kent

Burial:   
     Date:   7 Dec 1675
     Place:   St Giles in the Fields, London

Individual Note:
     Owner of Kiplin Hall from 1632-76, but never resident there.

Baptism date and place (Bexley) from "English and Catholic" p 130, which also suggests that Cecil was named after his father's patron Robert Cecil. The same source states that the baptism was at "his grandmother's home", presumably Elizabeth Wroth since Alice Calvert had already died and would have been in Yorkshire anyway.

Cecil (Cecilius) Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, was a student at Trinity College, Oxford, like his father George before him. He was also admitted to Gray's Inn in 1633. He was the first Proprietor of the colony of Maryland, the charter being granted by Charles I on 20 June 1632 just 5 weeks after George's death. The fee for the charter was one-fifth of all the gold and silver found in Maryland, together with the delivery of two native arrowheads to Windsor Castle every Easter.

The settlers of Virginia to the south challenged the charter, however, and Cecil had to stay behind in London to meet this threat. Instead he sent his younger brothers Leonard and George to administer Maryland Province, with Leonard becoming the first Governor. The first 150 Protestant and Catholic settlers left England in November 1633, sailing in two small boats the Ark (125 feet long) and the Dove (49 feet) with 50 sailors, all their food and fuel for a 5-month voyage, supplies and tools for their destination, and trade items to exchange with the native Indians. They reached St Clement's Island in the Potomac River on 25 March 1634. The Province prospered, based mainly on tobacco, and this first group was followed by more emigrants over the coming years, especially Catholics fleeing England during the Civil War and the Commonwealth under Cromwell.

Cecil himself remained Proprietor until his death in 1675, but never visited Maryland in person and never lived at Kiplin either. Indeed, until 1771 when Frederick 6th Lord Baltimore died without a legitimate heir, the Lords Baltimore all lived in the south of England or Maryland.

A number of the early Calverts were buried at St Giles in the Fields, Charing Cross Rd, London where there is a tablet commemorating the founding of the State of Maryland. We cannot yet be certain whether Cecil is one of them.